What is stock broker? Discover different types of stock brokers

BlogNovember 29, 2021

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Securities is considered a potential market, attracting the attention of many investors because of its profitability. When you want to buy stock, your task is to do all the research you can to select the company you want to invest in. Still, you need a broker to actually buy the stock, whether you buy over the phone or online. In this article, I set out to introduce you to the intricacies of the investor/broker relationship and “What is stock broker?”

1. What is a stock broker?

A stockbroker is a platform that allows investors to trade securities in the market. Specifically, investors can exchange, buy and sell, as well as transfer different securities here.

The stockbroker is considered a playground for buyers and sellers to meet with a variety of activities. In addition, the stockbroker itself also provides some support such as issuing and withdrawing securities. This is an intermediary for the issuer to fulfill debt or capital obligations to investors – pay dividends, interest, etc.

What is stock broker? Discover different types of stock brokers

2. What is stock broker’s role?

The broker’s primary role is to serve as the vehicle through which you either buy or sell stock. When I talk about brokers, I’m referring to organizations such as eToro, Capital.com, Robinhood, and many other organizations that can buy stock on your behalf.

Brokers can also be individuals who work for such firms. Although you can buy some stocks directly from the company that issues them to purchase most stocks, you still need a broker.

Although the primary task of brokers is the buying and selling of securities, such as stocks, they can perform other tasks such as:

  • Providing advisory services: Investors pay brokers a fee for investment advice. Customers also get access to the firm’s research.
  • Offering limited banking services: Brokers can offer features such as interest-bearing accounts, direct deposit, and credit cards.
  • Purchasing securities on your behalf: Brokers can also buy bonds, mutual funds, options, Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs), and other investments on your behalf.

With these above services, individual investors have to pay stockbrokers various fees, including the following:

  • Brokerage commissions: This fee is for buying and/or selling stocks and other securities.
  • Margin interest charges: This interest is charged to investors if they borrow against their brokerage account for investment purposes.
  • Service charges: These charges are for performing administrative tasks and other functions.

There are many criteria to choose a reputable and suitable exchange. First, you need to check the legal status of the exchanges. It is extremely important to conduct transactions on reputable exchanges that are regulated by legal authorities, ensuring the safety of traders’ investment funds.

Any broker you select should be registered with the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). In addition, to protect your money after you’ve deposited it into a brokerage account, that broker should be a member of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC). SIPC doesn’t protect you from market losses; it protects your money in case the brokerage firm goes out of business.

3. Discover different types of stock brokers

Stockbrokers fall into two basic categories: full-service and discount. The type you choose really depends on what type of investor you are.

What is stock broker? Discover different types of stock brokers
  • Full-service brokers: Full-service brokers are just what the name indicates. They try to provide as many services as possible for investors who open accounts with them. When you open an account at a brokerage firm, a representative is assigned to your account. This representative is usually called an account executive, a registered rep, or a financial consultant by the brokerage firm. This person usually has a securities license and is knowledgeable about stocks in particular and investing in general.
  • Discount brokers: Perhaps you don’t need any hand-holding from a broker. You know what you want, and you can make your own investment decisions. All you want is someone to transact your buy/sell orders. In that case, go with a discount broker. They don’t offer advice or premium services — just the basics required to perform your stock transactions.

Discount brokers, as the name implies, are cheaper to engage than full-service brokers. Because you’re advising yourself (or getting advice from third parties such as newsletters or independent advisors), you can save on costs
that you incur when you pay for a full-service broker.

If you choose to work with a discount broker, you must know as much as possible about your personal goals and needs. You have a greater responsibility for conducting adequate research to make good stock selections, and you
must be prepared to accept the outcome, whatever that may be.

In a nutshell, full-service brokers are suitable for investors who need some guidance, while discount brokers are better for those investors who are sufficiently confident and knowledgeable about stock investing to manage with minimal help.


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